Student Projects


All students on TBA field courses design and undertake their own research projects. In some cases, these projects result in published papers and references are given below. The field course location and year of the course are given in brackets.

Scroll down for a list of publications by TBA staff & course teachers arising from data collected on TBA courses

Published Student Projects


Jehle, R. & Arak, A. (1998) Graded call variation in the Asian Cricket Frog Rana nicobariensis. Bioacoustics 9:35-48. (Danum Valley 1995)

Johnson, S., Bose, A., Snaddon, J. & Moss, B. (2012) The role of earthworms in nitrogen and solute retention in a tropical forest in Sabah, Malaysia: a pilot study. Journal of Tropical Ecology 28:611-614. (Danum Valley 2010)


Chepkwony, R., Maleko, D., Nambiza, W. & Mulatu, W.Z. (2012) Variation in Allocation of Mechanical Defence Resources in Acacia drepanalobium at Different Foraging Regimes around Hell’s Gate National Park, Kenya. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences 4:225-228. (Naivasha 2007)

Coetzee, B., Tincani, L., Wodu, Z. and Mwasi, S. (2008) Overgrazing and bush encroachment by Tarchonanthus camphoratus in a semi-arid savanna. African Journal of Ecology 46:449-451. (Naivasha 2006)

Midgley, J., Sawe, T., Abanyam, P., Hintsa, K. & Gacheru, P. (2015) Spinescent East African savannah acacias also have thick bark, suggesting they evolved under both an intense fire and herbivory regime. African Journal of Ecology 54:118-120. (Segera 2013)

Midgley, J., Altayeb, H. & Mbosso, P. (2016) Further evidence that in African acacia, white is a warning colour to herbivores: the white pseudo-galls of Vachellia seyal. African Journal of Range & Forage Science DOI:10.2989/10220119.2016.1162196. (Segera 2013)

Rija, A.A., Mwamende, K.A. & Hassan, S.N. (2012) Notes on feeding habits of spider Nephila sp. in an acacia woodland stand, Kenya. Journal of Biological Research 30:59-62. (Naivasha 2006)


Bader, E., Acácio, M. & Monadjem, A. (2015) The importance of water bodies for insectivorous bats in a Malagasy dry deciduous forest: A case example from Kirindy (CNFEREF). Malagasy Nature 9:88-96. (Kirindy 2012)

de Winter, I.I., Gollner, A. & Akom, E. (2013) Diet overlap of Propithecus verreauxi and Eulemur rufifrons during the late dry season in Kirindy Forest. Lemur News 17:18-21. (Kirindy 2010)

Koch, H., Corcoran, C. & Jonker, M. (2011) Honeydew collecting in Malagasy stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) and observations on competition with invasive ants. African Entomology 19:36-41. (Kirindy 2009)

Lukasik, P. & Johnson, T. (2007) Arthropod communities and succession in baobab, Adansonia rubrostipa, fruits in a dry deciduous forest in Kirindy Forest Reserve, Madagascar. African Entomology 15:214–220. (Kirindy 2004)


Braendle, C., Hockley, N., Brevig, T., Shingleton, A.W. & Keller, L. (2003) Size-correlated division of labour and spatial distribution of workers in the driver ant, Dorylus molestus. Naturwissenschaften 90:277–281. (Amani 1998)

Corbin, C.E. & Kirika M.J. (2002) Foraging behaviour of brown-hooded kingfishers (Halcyon albiventris) in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. African Zoology 37:47-54. (Amani 1999)

Garner, T.W.J., Nishimura, D., Antwi, J. & Oliver, N. (2008) Human disturbance influences behaviour and local density of juvenile frogs. Ethology 114:1006–1013. (Amani 2006)

Graw, B., Merl, M., Provvedi, S., Moss, B. & Wagner, T. (2005) Habitat ecology of three different species of whirligig beetles (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae) in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Entomologische Zeitschrift 115:211-216. (Amani 2003)

Lekunze, L.M. & Hassan, M.M. (2001) Mistletoe (Tapinanthus bangwensis Reichenbach) infestation of indigenous and non-indigenous trees at Amani Nature Reserve, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 39:93-97. (Amani 1999)

Norfolk, O., Sadiki, L.L., Broughton, B., Otieno, M. & Nuttman, C. (2012) Tea breaks: how flower visitors can benefit from unplanned floral buffer strips in a Tanzanian tea plantation. African Journal of Ecology 51:380-384. (Amani 2009)

Starnberger, I., Kamminga, P., Fosah, V.C. & Nuttman, C. (2011) The ‘push-up’ as a calling posture in Nectophrynoides tornieri (Anura: Bufonidae) in the Amani Nature Reserve, Tanzania. Herpetologica 67:124-134. (Amani 2009)

van Biervliet, O., Wiśniewski, K., Daniels, J. & Vonesh, J. (2009) Effects of tea plantations on stream invertebrates in a Global Biodiversity Hotspot in Africa. Biotropica 41:469-475. (Amani 2007)


Chege, H.N. & Nagasha, B. (2013) Effect of Forest Logging Practices on Carbon Stock Recovery in Kibale Forest National Park, Kanyawara, Uganda. Baraton Interdisplinary Research Journal 3:29-37. (Kibale 2012)

Compton, S.G., Grehan, K. & van Noort, S. (2009) A fig crop pollinated by three or more species of agaonid fig wasps. African Entomology 17:215-222. (Kibale 2004)

Desta, H.T., Dzakpasu, P.N., Lyonga, N.M. (2016) Patterns of Sunbird (Family: Nectariniidae) Visitation to Four Sympatric Plant Species in Kibale National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Molecular Evolution and Biodiversity 6, 3 doi: 10.5376/ijmeb.2016.06.0003. (Kibale 2014)

Fisher, D., Macleod, A., Melgar, J. & Nuttman, C. (2017) Determinants of contests in female Ugandan ground nesting bees (Tetralonia sp. nov.). African Entomology 25:319-327. (Kibale 2010)

Lens, L., Nasirwa, O., Nemeth, E. & Bennun, L. (1996) Response to simulated intrusions by territorial Yellow-whiskered Greenbuls. Ibis 138:561-563. (Kibale 1994)

Maiditsch, I. , Liedtke, H.C., Ng’wava, J. & Hödl, W. (2011) Advertisement and close-range encounter call of Arthroleptis schubotzi Nieden, 1911, with notes on phonotaxis and sexual dimorphism in the third manual digit (Anura: Arthroleptidae). Herpetozoa 24:23-31. (Kibale 2010)

Monadjem, A., Ellstrom, M., Maldonado, C. & Fasel, N. (2010) The activity of an insectivorous bat Neoromicia nana on tracks in logged and unlogged forest in tropical Africa. African Journal of Ecology 48:1083-1091. (Kibale 2009)

Monadjem, A., Rasmussen, M. & van der Made, D.C. (2011) Echolocation calls and wing morphology of selected bats in western Uganda. Durban Museum Novitates 34:29-34. (Kibale 2004)

Quintero, E., Genzoni, E., Mann, N., Nuttman, C. & Anderson, B. (2017) Sunbird surprise: Testing the usefulness of the syndrome concept. Flora 232:22-29. (Kibale 2014)

Remmers, W., Gameiro, J., Schaberl, I & Clausnitzer, V. (2016) Elephant (Loxodonta africana) footprints as habitat for aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in Kibale National Park, south-west Uganda. African Journal of Ecology, First published: 23 August 2016, DOI: 10.1111/aje.12358. (Kibale 2014)

Simon, G.S., Fundi, P. Berrill, M. & Njoroge, C.H. (2016) Pre-dispersal Seed Handling Treatment by Five Sympatric Non-human Primates in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Science Letters 4:84-91. (Kibale 2012)

Stanley, D., Otieno, M., Steijven, K., Berlin, E.S., Piiroinen, T., Willmer, P. & Nuttman, C. (2016) Pollination ecology of Desmodium setigerum (Fabaceae) in Uganda: do big bees do it better? Journal of Pollination Ecology 19:43-49. (Kibale 2009)

Publications by TBA Staff & Course Teachers
(arising from data collected on TBA courses)

Barnard, P. (2015) Lanner Falcon Hunting Large Forest Hornbills in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Ornithological Observations 6:26-28.

De Vries, P.J. (2002) Differential wing toughness in distasteful and palatable butterflies: direct evidence supports unpalatable theory. Biotropica 34:176-181.

De Vries, P.J. (2003) Tough African Models and Weak mimics: New Horizons in the Evolution of bad taste. Journal of Lepidopterists’ Society 57:235-238.

Dominy, N.J., Grubb, P.J., Jackson , R.V., Lucas, P.W., Metcalfe, D.J., Svenning, J-C. & Turner, I.M. (2008) In Tropical Lowland Rain Forests Monocots have Tougher Leaves than Dicots, and Include a New Kind of Tough Leaf. Annals of Botany 101:1363–1377.

Fisher, B., Balmford, A., Green, R.E. & Trevelyan, R. (2009) Conservation science training: the need for an extra dimension. Oryx 43:361-363.

Franks, N.R., Sendova-Franks, A.B., Simmons, J. & Mogie, M. (1999) Convergent Evolution, Superefficient Teams and Tempo in Old and New World Army Ants. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences 266:1697-1701.

Franzen, M., Jones, J., Raselimanana, A. P., Nagy, Z. T., D’Cruze, N., Glaw, F., & Vences, M. (2009) A new black-bellied snake (Pseudoxyrhophiinae: Liophidium) from western Madagascar, with notes on the genus Pararhadinaea. Amphibia-Reptilia 31:1-11.

Grubb, P.J. & Jackson, R.V. (2007) The adaptive value of young leaves being tightly folded or rolled on monocotyledons in tropical lowland rain forest: an hypothesis in two parts. Plant Ecology 192:317–327.

Grubb, P.J., Jackson, R.V., Barberis, I.M., Bee, J.N., Coomes, D.A., Dominy, N.J. , De la Fuente, M.A., Lucas, P.W., Metcalfe, D.J., Svenning, J-C., Turner, I.M. & Vargas, O. (2008) Monocot Leaves are Eaten Less than Dicot Leaves in Tropical Lowland Rain Forests: Correlations with Toughness and Leaf Presentation. Annals of Botany 101:1379–1389.

Hassan, S.M.S., Idris, E. & Majerus, M.E.N. (2012) Male-killer dynamics in Danaus chrysippus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in East Africa. African Journal of Ecology 50:489-499.

Howe, A., Lovei, G.L. & Nachman, G. (2009) Dummy caterpillars as a simple method to assess predation rates on invertebrates in a tropical agroecosystem. Entomologica Experimentalis et Applicata 131:325-329.

Koch, H. (2010) Combining morphology and DNA barcoding resolves the taxonomy of Western Malagasy Liotrigona Moure, 1961 (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini). African Invertebrates 51:413-421. (Kirindy 2009)

Midgley, J. (2009) Euphorbia candelabrum juveniles are nursed by spinescent shrubs in short-grass areas of Queen Elizabeth Park, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 47:788-789. (Kibale 2007)

Moss, B. (2005) Rapid shredding of leaves by crabs in a tropical African stream. Verhandlungen international der Vereingung theoretische und angewande Limnologie 29:147-150. (Amani 2003)

Ollerton, J. & Nuttman, C. (2013) Aggressive displacement of Xylocopa nigrita carpenter bees from flowers of Lagenaria sphaerica (Cucurbitaceae) by territorial male Eastern Olive Sunbirds (Cyanomitra olivacea) in Tanzania. Journal of Pollination Ecology 11:21-26. (Amani 2011)

Patrick, D.A., Shirk, P., Vonesh, J.R. Harper, E.B. & Howell, K.M. (2011) Abundance and roosting ecology of chameleons in the East Usambara Mountains of Tanzania and the potential effects of harvesting. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 6:422-431. (Amani 2009)

Quicke, D.L.J., Laurenne, N.M. & Barclay, M. (2005) Host, host location and aggressive behaviour in a tropical wood-borer parasitoid genus Monilobracon Quicke (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoids of Lymexylidae (Coleoptera) in Kibale Forest National Park, West Uganda. African Entomology 13:213-220.

Quicke, D.L.J., Mori, M., Zaldivar-Riveron, A., Laurenne, N.M. & Shaw, M.R. (2006) Suspended mummies in Aleoides species (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Roganidae) with description of six new species from western Uganda based largely on DNA sequence data. Journal of Natural History 40:2663-2680.

Trevelyan, R. & Nuttman, C. (2008) The importance of training national and international scientists for conservation research. In Science and Conservation in African Forests: The Benefits of Long-term Research. Ed: Richard Wrangham and Elizabeth Ross. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Willmer, P., Stanley , D.A., Steijven, K., Matthews, I.M. & Nuttman, C.V. (2009) Bidirectional flower colour and shape changes allow a second opportunity for pollination. Current Biology 19:919-923.

Published papers resulting from the Darwin project on invasive species
Dawson, W., Burslem, D.F.R.P. & Hulme, P.E. (2009) Herbivory is related to taxonomic isolation, but not to invasiveness of tropical alien plants. Diversity and Distribution 15:141–147.

Dawson, W., Burslem, D.F.R.P. & Hulme, P.E. (2009) The suitability of weed risk assessment as a conservation tool to identify invasive plant threats in East African rainforests. Biological Conservation 142:1018–1024.

Dawson, W., Burslem, D.F.R.P. & Hulme, P.E. (2009) Factors explaining alien plant invasion success in a tropical ecosystem differ at each stage of invasion. Journal of Ecology 97:657-665.

Dawson, W., Burslem, D.F.R.P. & Hulme, P.E. (2011) The comparative importance of species traits and introduction characteristics in tropical plant invasions. Diversity and Distributions 17:1111-1121.

Dawson, W., Mndolwa, A.S., Burslem, D.F.R.P. & Hulme, P.E. (2008) Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens Biodiversity and Conservation, 17:1979-1995.

Edward, E., Munishi, P.K.T. & Hulme, P.E. (2009) The Invasion of Humid Tropical Forests by Cordia alliodora (Boraginaceae): Relative Roles of Disturbance, Biotic Resistance and Propagule Pressure. Biotropica 41:171–178.

Hulme, P.E., Burslem, D.F.R.P., Dawson, W., Edward, E., Richard, J. & Trevelyan, R. (2013) Aliens in the Arc: Are Invasive Trees a Threat to the Montane Forests of East Africa? In Plant Invasions in Protected Areas: Patterns, Problems and Challenges. Eds. L.C. Foxcroft et al. Invading Nature – Springer Series in Invasion Ecology 7, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-7750-7_8, © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

(arising from funding from TBA)

Kawaka, F., Obwanga, B., Daniel Miyawa, D. & Gaya, H. (2014) Epiphytic orchids of Kericho Forest, Kenya. Advances in Research 2:462-468.

Tuyisingize, D., Kerbis Peterhans, J.C., Bronner, G.N. & Stoinski, T.S. (2013) Small mammal community composition in the Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. Bonn Zoological Bulletin 62:177–185.